Of Heaven and Earth: Biographies

Sandro Botticelli (Florentine, 1444/45–1510) One of the most celebrated painters of the Italian Renaissance, Sandro Botticelli was known for his elegant style, eminent patrons, and often lyrical approach to his subject matter. He was trained in the workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi (ca. 1406–1469) and spent much of his career working in his native Florence,… Read on

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Of Heaven and Earth: Glossary

Allegory- The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form. Chiaroscuro- Pictorial representation in terms of light and shade without regard to color. Gesture- The representation of an object’s or figure’s position. Linear Perspective relates to the mathematical system of creating objects that are created three-dimensionally… Read on

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Of Heaven and Earth: Glasgow Museum

The City of Glasgow possesses one of the finest civic collections of Italian paintings. Exquisite early canvases by Giovanni Bellini, Sandro Botticelli, and Titian highlight their holdings. The museums are also endowed with masterpieces by eighteenth- and nineteenth-century painters such as Francesco Guardi and Antonio Mancini. Accordingly, their collection reflects the true breadth of the… Read on

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Of Heaven and Earth: Form vs. Function

One goal of the Renaissance artist, such as those represented in the Of Heaven and Earth exhibition, was to depict the human form in a way that was realistic. During the same period, Renaissance scientists sought to learn more about human anatomy. This led to collaborations between artists and physicians. Share examples of the human… Read on

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Of Heaven and Earth: Exhibition Walkthrough

Opening with some of the earliest and most refined examples of Italian painting, including Sandro Botticelli’s stunning Annunciation, the exhibition Of Heaven and Earth unfolds chronologically. The High Renaissance is next, with its emphasis on naturalism and rationality, the most familiar qualities of Italian painting. This section contains rare early work by Titian. Subsequently, visitors… Read on

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Of Heaven and Earth: Chiaroscuro Creations

Chiaroscuro paintings often have strong contrasts of light and dark. This style of painting was made popular during the Renaissance and often featured a portrait of its subject. In the Of Heaven and Earth exhibition, the painting Salome (ca. 1681–85) by Carlo Dolci (pictured left) is one such example. Give students a chance to create their… Read on

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Additional Resources

Teaching Materials Abstract Painting Demonstration Video Kandinsky: The Path to Abstraction  Meet the Cyborg Teaching Musicians How to Play Color, Not Sheet Music  Books Concerning the Spiritual in Art- Wassily Kandinsky The Artist Who Painted a Blue Horse- Eric Carle The Blue Rider: The Yellow Cow Sees the World in Blue- Doris Kutschbach The Noisy Paint… Read on

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Exploring Symbolism

Discussion- Have students select an object from home (e.g., their backpack, toy, clothing) that they feel best represents them. Encourage them to share with a partner why they selected the object. For example, a favorite ring might shine like one’s personality. Activity- Ask your students to find an image to serve as a symbol for… Read on

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A Positive Influence

Discussion- Throughout his career, Kandinsky experimented with different processes and materials. While in Murnau, Germany, he painted on glass, an interest his friends Gabriele Münter, Marianne Werefkin, and Alexei Jawlensky also shared. Kandinsky, together with Franz Marc, founded the Blue Rider group specifically so that he and like-minded artists could share and exchange ideas around… Read on

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Kandinsky: A Retrospective Glossary

Abstraction–Artworks that do not represent a being, place, or thing. Abstraction can also refer to the depiction of a being, place, or thing in a simplified, generalized manner, such as using a circle to represent the sun. Biomorphic/Geometric Shape–A painted, drawn, or sculpted form or design that suggests the shape of a living organism. Canvas–A… Read on

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